Maa Gahil

FIXED ORTHODONTICS

Fixed orthodontics, also known as braces or fixed appliances, is a branch of dentistry that focuses on the diagnosis, prevention, and correction of dental and facial irregularities. It involves the use of various orthodontic appliances that are bonded to the teeth to gradually move them into proper alignment.
The main goal of fixed orthodontics is to improve the alignment and occlusion (bite) of the teeth, which can enhance both the aesthetic appearance of the smile and the functionality of the bite. This branch of orthodontics is commonly used to treat conditions such as crooked teeth, overcrowding, gaps between teeth, overbites, underbites, and crossbites.
The process of fixed orthodontic treatment typically begins with a comprehensive examination, which may include dental impressions, X-rays, and photographs. These diagnostic tools help orthodontists develop an individualized treatment plan tailored to each patient’s specific needs.

The actual treatment involves the placement of brackets on the teeth using dental adhesive. These brackets act as anchors for the archwires, which are then attached to the brackets using elastic or metal ligatures. The archwires exert gentle pressure on the teeth, gradually guiding them into the desired positions over time.

Periodic adjustments are necessary throughout the treatment to ensure that the teeth are progressing as planned. These adjustments involve changing the archwires, adjusting the tension of the wires, and making any necessary modifications to the brackets. The frequency of these adjustments varies depending on the specific case and the orthodontist’s treatment approach.

In some cases, additional appliances may be used in conjunction with braces to aid in the correction of specific dental problems. These can include elastics, headgear, palatal expanders, or temporary anchorage devices (TADs).
The duration of fixed orthodontic treatment varies depending on the complexity of the case and the individual’s response to treatment. On average, treatment can range from several months to a few years. After the active treatment phase is complete, patients are typically required to wear retainers to maintain the newly achieved alignment and prevent any relapse.
It’s important to note that fixed orthodontics should only be performed by qualified orthodontists who have completed specialized training in this field. Regular check-ups and proper oral hygiene practices are crucial during treatment to ensure the best possible outcomes and long-term oral health.
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